If we talk about Indonesia, then we speak about diversity, culture, tourism and food. Indonesia has more than 700 native languages and a home to 1.238 ethnic groups. The diversity in Indonesia enriches and unites the nation. There are a lot of topics that we can discuss, but the food will be an interesting one.Every region in Indonesia has the typical food, and its part has a different texture. Each food contains local knowledge with a savoury flavour, consist of many herbs, lots of sweet and spicy ingredients. Every taste produced in the unique process.
Travelling Indonesian food diversity is like an adventure into a small paradise. Several traditional Indonesian foods that were familiar is Rendang Minangkabau. Rendang Minangkabau is the most delicious dish in the world by CNN readers. Besides Rendang, we have Nasi Goreng, Satay with peanut sauce, Meatballs and Sate Tuna.
Sate Tuna is a kind of satay but made by tuna fish. This Satay is different and unique because using Tuna fish rather than Beef or Chicken. Indonesian sea has a lot of Tuna population, especially in Tomini Bay, Gorontalo. There is no wonder if this traditional food already familiar because very tasty and spicy flavour, served with sliced chilli.
Gorontalo is a province in Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. This province known as Medina’s gate of Indonesia because 97.81% of population are Muslim. In the fact, Gorontalo are famous by its traditional food, especially in seafood dishes and known also as tourism destination.
In fact, Indonesia is one of the countries that have tuna fishing area in the world. Tuna export increased by an average of 2.72% per year, from 87.581 tonnes in 1999 to 94.221 tonnes in 2004 (Widiastuti and Putro, 2014). In the other hand, according to the Food and Drug Administration Report, there is 350 rejection of Indonesian tuna in the US, because the fish contaminated with histamine and mercury (Widiastuti, Putro, Fardiaz, Trilaksani, and Inaoka, 2013).
High levels of mercury in tuna fish can be affected people health. If taken into the body, mercury can lead to nervous system disorders, kidney failure and digestive system disorders (Effendi, 2003) Not only mercury; bacteria can contaminate the Tuna in the market. According to Pasue, Dali, and Mile (2015) Tuna are easily contaminated with bacteria when arrived in the market because the market has poor sanitation and the lack of water supply. This problem is compounded by the market environment which has not set correctly.
These facts make significant changes in society, in particular with the young generation. From the habit of fish consumption to meat or noodle. The trends are going to leave traditional fish cuisine, especially Sate Tuna. Besides health reason, lifestyle trends change the habit also. This circumstance affected by a lot of fast food Company in Indonesia. In the other hand, the noodle dishes are going to replace the fish dish too. In recent years, the consumption of Ramen is highly increasing. So, there is no wonder if there are many noodle cafe established in the urban area.
In evidently, changes in consumption affected by the globalisation. Also, the polluted environment has a direct impact on food security, especially with Tuna dishes. These circumstances allowed young people to move away from traditional foods. The real threats have happened to Sate Tuna because of its bacteria or mercury. Therefore, as one Indonesia food paradise, it is time for us to save traditional cuisine, starts with protecting the environment.