1.what is GMF/GMO food?
Genetic Modified Foods (GMF) are introduced to transfer the genes of some organisms to other species by using modern molecular biological technology, so as to transform the genetic material of organisms into the desired targets in terms of shape, nutritional quality and consumption quality. That is to say, genetically modified organisms (GMO) are direct foods or processed foods. From the world’s first genetically modified crops (tobacco) was born in 1983, The company Monsanto genetically modified (gm) food to the United States developed delayed fruit fresh transgenic tomatoes approved in the United States in 1994, the rapid development of genetically modified food research and development, product varieties and production is multiplied, genetically modified (gm) as a new biological technology, it is not mature and uncertainty, makes the safety of genetically modified (gm) food has become the focus of people. Internationally, as of 2010, the commercialization of wheat staple food in the United States has not been pushed aside, Japan has banned the import of genetically modified rice from the United States, and India has stopped the commercialization of genetically modified eggplant.
2.GMO in china
GMO crops are commercially grown in 28 countries and regions. The main edible and processed foods in these crops include: soybean, corn, rape, papaya, potato, beet, alfalfa, eggplant, zucchini, etc. However, the only genetically modified crops to enter the market for commercial cultivation in China are: insect-resistant cotton and antiviral papaya. Foreign genetically modified agricultural products approved for import include: soybean, mainly used for cooking oil processing, and soybean meal as animal feed; The use of rapeseed is similar to that of soybean; Every product, whether it is genetically modified crops grown commercially in China or genetically modified agricultural products imported from abroad, must undergo strict safety evaluation and obtain safety certificates issued by the ministry of agriculture to appear in the Chinese market.
Ensuring people are able to eat is a political priority in most countries, especially in China. With a fifth of the world’s population but only 8 per cent of the world’s arable land, China’s leaders remember past famines, food shortages and rationing. In 2014, the central government has been focusing on rural development in its top policy document for 11 consecutive years. For years, the government has been intensely focused on agrobiotechnology, including its inclusion in the latest five-year plan of seven strategic emerging industries. In recent decades, the production, sale and consumption of meat products in China has increased rapidly, and the cultivation of phytase gene corn represents the future development direction of innovative technologies — improving efficiency and reducing the environmental cost of increased meat consumption.
The controversy over gm food has been raging in China for several years, and the public has been confused about whether to eat it or not. It’s a deep-seated suspicion. Behind many of China’s startling food scandals are people who have tampered with food. For example, producers added a chemical to milk to make it appear protein-rich, and the tainted milk resulted in the deaths of six infants and health damage to thousands of people. Others use chemicals to make fruit look shiny or to stimulate growth. In addition to such concerns, China’s online communities are active, sometimes leading to rumors. Last year, KFC, the popular Fried chicken chain in China, sued three Chinese Internet companies for allegedly giving customers genetically modified chickens with six wings and eight legs.
3.The future of GMO in china
In fact, China already grows and buys a lot of genetically modified crops, but not for human consumption in general. Chinese farmers grow genetically modified cotton, and Chinese meat and dairy companies buy genetically modified corn from abroad to feed pigs and cattle. China also allows the sale of genetically modified seeds used to grow the papaya. currently, gm products that can reach the level of industrialization promotion in China already include rice, corn, soybeans and so on. The transgenic efficiency of these products is 80% in rice, 20% in corn and 2% to 3% in soybean. Among them, China’s rice gene conversion efficiency ranks among the world’s top. Said wan jianmin, an academician of the Chinese academy of engineering and chief engineer of major projects related to gm.
The transgenic technology of modern biological frontier technology, like other scientific technologies, aims to benefit mankind. Therefore, only when the benefits and advantages of genetically modified products, especially foods, are understood and accepted by the public, will the public voluntarily buy such foods. If you simply say that genetically modified food is good or good and cannot make the public realize that they are really good, the public will naturally doubt, wait and reject them. Even if gm food is really better than traditional food in many ways, it cannot be forced and should be chosen willingly by the public. If you want to avoid genetically modified foods, go organic. In the United States, foods labeled “organic” are non-gm and do not use certain pesticides, fertilizers, or artificial additives.