Let’s start with the example of Cui Yongyuan, a famous Chinese television host and producer who was firmly anti-GM. At the year of 2014 MR. Cui launched a documentary, after that he always stands in the forefront against genetically modified(GM). Since he is an emphasis on GM, it has caused an extensive discussion in Chinese society, then Chinese people start to realise that GM is not healthy. Up to now a lot of advertisements saying that “our products do not contain GM” as a slogan. So is the GM really suitable for promotion in the third world countries?(Shadows and mirrors: GMOs in china)

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photo from sina.com

Discussing are never stop after the first GM plant appeared, at the beginning of the blog, the scientists jointly opposed the organization: Greenpeace is one of the most famous organizations against GM food, they have four main reasons to against the GM food. First of all they think the GM food will due to the “genetic pollution” which means the plant will be naturally transmitted and crossed with natural organisms, and they claim that rice is the staple food in China, furthermore, Chinese government will allow the GM rice plant in China, but the copyright of GM rice technology is in foreigner company. Moreover, foreign companies may control Chinese staple food. In addition, the green peace finds food is enough for the earth as the original sentence “we are already producing one and a half times the amount of food needed to provide everyone in the world with an adequate and nutritious diet.”. Finally, they said that the companies’ product (GMOs)  has not undergone rigorous testing.

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photo from Clare Scanlan

However, the reasons they gave are not objective, the first reason(genetic pollution) and the second reason(China and GE crops) conflict with each other because the first reason said GM crops will be crossed, they are sure of their ability to reproduce. Since GM crops can multiply, GM crops will not be monopolized. The third reason (sufficient food) is that although the total amount of food on the earth is enough now, from the point of increase in the number of hungry people, food is always wasted or unevenly distributed, in the third world countries around the world, higher food production and better food are needed. As for the last point, the test of how long it takes for the academic GM crop has been undecided.

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photo from Paul McDivitt

Since none of these argument seems likely, how is the anti-GM argument spread of the world? Across the internet, there is a big part of rumours about genetically modified organisms when you open up Wikipedia entries. However, what we do know is that rumours are bound to be controversial when it starts to be discovered. The truth will slowly come out. At the same time, with the emerging of new technology, people usually tend to be sceptical about their reliability, especially for the invention relates to a producing method of food. That is the main problem that people most care about.

In June 29th, June, 134 Nobel Prize winners jointly wrote an open letter stating that they hope Greenpeace and its supporters will not oppose GM foods, especially golden rice. Since the first GM plant in 1996 in the USA, various opposition to GM foods continue to emerge, many organizations think the GM food will due to lots of negative influence. For example, use and impact of pesticides, seed production and use, side effects on non-GM crops/farms, and potential control of seed companies for the supply of genetically modified foods. However, what are people talking about when they are talking about the DM promoted in the third-world country? According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 815 million people are surfing hungry in 2016. This is an increase from 777 million in 2015.  People are discussing solutions for the growing population and limited planting space.

The GM plant born with some positive, first of all, the yield of the GM plant will increase, many genetically modified crops resistant to glyphosate, a powerful pesticide which called glyphosate can be used to reduce the weeds when planting so that the growth efficiency of crops will be increased. For example, glyphosate-tolerant soybeans grown in the United States are such crops. In some poor areas of third world countries, the ability to use food-efficient crops can guarantee farmers’ food problems. Then, GM crops are resistant to insects, and their properties are similar to those of pesticides. Inserting insect-resistant genes into crops may increase crop yields. Moreover, In crops, genetic engineering can increase the nutritional value of crops. For example, golden rice is the process by which rice can produce vitamin A in the edible part of rice through genetic engineering. The picture below is a regional table of vitamin A deficiency. In many third world countries, there is not only a lack of food production but also the lack of nutrition caused by the unity of food. For the health of human beings, the quality of the food is as important as the sufficiency of the food. In fact, third world countries need GM crops, but the market for GM crops needs better regulation. The following is a documentary filmed by American college students at their own expense, which has made a lot of popular science parts so that we can understand what GM crops are and the current situation of GM crops.